Please forward this error screen to 144. These problems and their alternative solutions establish some elements of change around which the organization must adapt. Every project is unique in terms of the problems that arise, the priorities and resources assigned it, project management problems and solutions pdf environment in which it operates, and the project manager’s attitude and style used to guide and control project activities. Therefore, the organizational structure for the project must be designed to fit within that project’s operating constraints.
Nearly every activity within an organization could be labeled as a project possessing unique characteristics and varying levels of importance to the organization. A project is defined as a planned undertaking of related activities to reach an objective that has a beginning and an end. All projects solve some type of problem, but projects may also be established simply to determine and define feasible alternative solutions to problems. Objective: Each has a specific goal to reach. Schedule: Point in time in which they must be accomplished. Complexity: Does the technology exist to achieve the project objectives?
Size and Nature of Task: Step-by-step plan of action. Resources: Labor, personnel, equipment, materials, facilities, etc. Organizational Structure: The ‘meshing’ of project requirements into the existing organization. In the past, a company typically decided to undertake a project effort, assigned the project and the “necessary” resources to a carefully selected individual and assumed they were using some form of project management. Organizational implications were of little importance.
Although the basic concepts of project management are simple, applying these concepts to an existing organization is not. Olsen, in his article “Can Project Management Be Defined? Employing project management technologies minimizes the disruption of routine business activities in many cases by placing under a single command all of the skills, technologies, and resources needed to realize the project. The skills required depend on each specific project and the resources available at that time. The greater the amount of adjustments a parent organization must make to fulfill project objectives, the greater chance exists for project failure.
The project management process typically includes four key phases: initiating the project, planning the project, executing the project, and closing the project. An outline of each phase is provided below. This involves organizing team members to assist in carrying out the project initiation activities. Establishing a relationship with the customer. The understanding of your customer’s organization will foster a stronger relationship between the two of you. Defines the activities required to organize the team while working to define the goals and scope of the project. Describing project scope, alternatives, and feasibility.