En la isla hay dos pequeñas localidades, Malokurílskoye y Krabozavódskoye. Al noroeste se encuentra la isla de sajalin pdf isla Kunashir, separada por el estrecho de las Kuriles Meridionales, y al suroeste las islas Jabomai, por el estrecho de Spanberg. Administrativamente es controlada por el óblast de Sajalín.
Se editó esta página por última vez el 30 nov 2015 a las 01:34. El texto está disponible bajo la Licencia Creative Commons Atribución Compartir Igual 3. This article is about the Russian geographical island. For the federal subject the island is part of, see Sakhalin Oblast. It is Russia’s largest island, and is administered as part of Sakhalin Oblast. Sakhalin, which is about one third the size of Honshu, is just off the east coast of Russia, and just north of Japan.
Sakhalin was claimed by both Russia and Japan over the course of the 19th and 20th centuries. These disputes sometimes involved military conflict and divisions of the island between the two powers. The spelling Saghalien may be found in historical texts. Manchu name of the Amur River. Sakhalin was inhabited in the Neolithic Stone Age.
Among the indigenous people of Sakhalin are the Ainu in the southern half, the Oroks in the central region, and the Nivkhs in the north. The Mongol Empire made some efforts to subjugate the native people of Sakhalin starting in about 1264 CE. There is some evidence that the Ming eunuch Admiral Yishiha reached Sakhalin in 1413 during one of his expeditions to the lower Amur, and granted Ming titles to a local chieftain. Under the Ming dynasty, commerce in Northeast Asia and Sakhalin was placed under the “system for subjugated peoples”, or ximin tizhi. Display of Sakhalin on maps varied throughout the 18th century. Later Jin sent 400 troops to Sakhalin in 1616 in response to Japanese activity in the area, but later withdrew, judging there to be no major threat to their control of the island.
In an early colonization attempt, a Japanese settlement was established at Ootomari on Sakhalin’s southern end in 1679. The first European known to visit Sakhalin was Martin Gerritz de Vries, who mapped Cape Patience and Cape Aniva on the island’s east coast in 1643. The Jesuits did not have a chance to visit the island personally, and the geographical information provided by the Ke tcheng people and Manchus who had been to the island was insufficient to allow them to identify it as the land visited by de Vries in 1643. It was not until the 1787 expedition of Jean-François de La Pérouse that the island began to resemble something of its true shape on European maps. The Russian explorer Adam Johann von Krusenstern visited Sakhalin in 1805, but regarded it as a peninsula. Alarmed by the visits of European powers, Japan proclaimed its sovereignty over the whole island in 1807. Most Japanese sources claim Mamiya Rinzō as the true discoverer of the Strait of Tartary, in 1809.